May 18, 2024  
2020 - 2021 Undergraduate Catalog 
2020 - 2021 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

University of St Andrews Joint Degree Programme


The Joint Degree Programme between William & Mary and the University of St Andrews is one of the few of its kind in the world. Students complete two years at each institution and earn a single degree - a Bachelor of Arts (International Honours) - with the insignias of both institutions. The requirements and restrictions unique to the Joint Programme are spelled out here; otherwise, Joint Programme students have access to the services and are governed by the policies spelled out in the front of this Catalog.

Mission. The Joint Programme melds the best aspects of two academic traditions, while offering to students a greater range of academic choices and the opportunity to acquire direct knowledge of two distinct intellectual and national cultures. Existing degree programs in each institution are designed according to contrasting principles: William & Mary offers a broad Liberal Arts education with a majority of study hours devoted to subjects outside the major; St Andrews offers less breadth in a degree characterized by increasing depth in a single discipline. The aim of the curricula in each of the six disciplines will be to offer more breadth than a traditional St Andrews degree as well as more specialization than is usual at William & Mary.

Programs. The six participating disciplines at William & Mary have identified significant complementarities with St Andrews. By effectively pooling faculty and courses in Classical Studies, Economics, English, Film Studies, History, and International Relations, the two institutions can offer students a broad range of new academic options unavailable at either institution alone or on traditional study abroad programs. Individual program requirements and William & Mary course offerings are explained below.

Admission to the Joint Programme

Students apply to the Joint Programme through either William & Mary or St Andrews; they may not apply to the Joint Programme through both institutions. Students apply simultaneously for general admission to William & Mary and for specific admission to the Joint Programme. Applications are due by January 1.

Students may apply early decision to William & Mary, but there is no early admission application to the Joint Degree Programme. Early decision applicants who would also like to be considered for admission to the Joint Degree Programme  may submit the Supplement, but the decision for the Joint Degree Programme will not be made until April.  Any applicant who accepts an early decision offer will be committed to William & Mary, but may still enroll later in the Joint Degree Programme if admitted.

Because students must spend two full years at each institution and because of the continuance standards specified below, transfer credits from other universities will not be accepted, nor will credits from IB, AP, etc. (but see below). There can be no concurrent courses, admission during senior year of high school, FlexTrack, or admission as a non-degree seeking student.

The institution to which the student is admitted is the home institution and the one at which the student will spend year one; the other institution is the host institution and the one at which the student will spend year two. Students’ interests and courses of study will determine at which institution they spend years three and four, but they must spend one of those years at each institution.

Transfer from William & Mary into the Joint Programme: First-year students at William & Mary may apply to transfer into the Joint Programme no later than March 1st of Spring semester. Students applying for a first-year transfer will have to demonstrate that they are on track to complete 30 credit hours at William & Mary (not counting AP, IB, transfer, etc.) before they begin their second year at St Andrews; and they must consult with the appropriate major advisor about enrolling in the appropriate first-year courses in the major during both semesters.

William & Mary students who apply to the Joint Programme after their first year will be admitted only under extraordinary circumstances and with the consent of both W&M and St Andrews; such students will still have to complete two years each at William & Mary and St Andrews, and so will very likely require five years to complete their requirements. Students transferring from William & Mary into the Joint Programme may have to pay an additional entrance fee.

Transfer from the Joint Programme into William & Mary or St Andrews:

  • Students admitted into the Joint Programme through William & Mary (i.e., whose “home” institution is William & Mary) may, at their request, become regular degree-seeking students at the university provided they meet the normal requirements for continuance.
  • Students admitted through William & Mary or through St Andrews who wish to become regular degree-seeking students at St Andrews must petition to transfer, and they will be required to apply via St Andrews’ normal admissions process. 
  • All transfers of W&M home students from the Joint Programme to either William & Mary or St Andrews become effective at the beginning of the semester after the student receives permission or admission to transfer.
  • Students admitted through St Andrews who wish to become regular degree-seeking students at William & Mary must apply for transfer admission to William & Mary and should be aware of the following guidelines:
  1. Students are strongly recommended to transfer after their second year in the Joint Degree Programme (i.e. after the first year at William & Mary) so that they may transfer to William & Mary as academic juniors. Transferring at this time will ensure that students are able to meet William & Mary’s minimum 60 credit hour residency requirement without extending their time to graduation. Please note that coursework taken at William & Mary as part of the Joint Degree Programme does not count towards the minimum 60 credit hour residency requirement for St. Andrews home students.  For this reason, St Andrews home students who transfer to William & Mary may have to complete an additional year at the university.
  2. Students should meet with the Director of Transfer Admission in Undergraduate Admission to discuss their transfer plans. This meeting can be scheduled prior to applying to transfer or after the application is submitted.
  3. In order for St. Andrews home students to be competitive in William & Mary’s transfer applicant pool, it is recommended that students have a minimum cumulative program GPA of 3.0.

Readmission: Students whose home institution is William & Mary, who are in good standing in the Programme per the continuance standards below, but who have not been in attendance for one or more semesters must submit an application for readmission to the Dean of Students Office. Normal deadlines apply; however, readmission is contingent upon discussion with and the recommendation of the Academic Director and the consent of both institutions.

Summer School: Joint Programme students may take summer school courses for credit only at William & Mary (including W&M Summer Study Abroad).

Student Financial Aid. Financial aid for Joint Programme students is administered in the same way as it is for regular W&M students.  In most cases, we are able to meet the full need of Virginia students. The maximum grant for nonresident students is capped at one-quarter of the full cost of education.

Tuition and Other Expenses. The fee for the Joint Degree Programme is $40,990 for the academic year 2020-21, to be charged at $20,495 each semester. This amount covers tuition and fees with the exception of the following:

Residence Hall fees and room damage deposit
Meal Plan fees
Orientation fee(s)
Special instructional fees (music, labs, art, activity courses)
Books and printing fees
Fines, returned check, and other penalty fees
Summer School tuition
Personal Expenses

Because of the nature of this Joint Programme, there is no tuition differential based on domicile (for example, there is no in-state tuition rate for Virginia residents). Detailed information on these fees and other tuition policies can be found in the “Tuition and Other Expenses ” chapter of this catalog or on the Bursar’s Office website.

Academic Regulations

Academic Advising. Students whose home institution is William & Mary (and host students once they arrive at William & Mary) will be assigned to the Joint Programme advisor in their major; the individual program’s designated major advisor will advise the student during both years in residence at the W&M and, via email, when the student is at St Andrews. First-year students are required to attend three advising meetings during each registration period and before they will be permitted to register. Second-year students (i.e., those for whom William & Mary is the host institution) are also required to attend three advising meetings: one when they arrive, one before they register for their second semester, and one at the start of the second semester to determine where they will spend their third and fourth years. Students must also meet with their major advisor at the start of the academic year in which they return to William & Mary, and, if they return for their third year, again before they register for their second semester and before they register for their fourth year. These are minimal requirements; students are encouraged to meet regularly with their Joint Programme major advisor when they are in residence and to communicate via email when they are at St Andrews.

Academic Records, Confidentiality and Privacy. Joint Programme students sign a release at the time of matriculation that allows William & Mary and St Andrews to share student record information. The federal laws and university policies explained in the “Academic Records, Confidentiality and Privacy ” section of the “Academic Regulations” chapter at the beginning of this catalog apply to all Joint Programme students while in residence at William & Mary.

Classification of Students. In the Joint Programme, academic classifications are as follows:

First-year: 0-30 credits earned (0-120 St Andrews credits)
Second-year: 31-60 credits earned (124-240 St Andrews credits)
Third-year: 61-90 credits earned (244-360 St Andrews credits)
Fourth-year: more than 91 credits earned (364 St Andrews credits)

Enrollment Statuses. All Joint Programme students must maintain full-time status, with the extraordinary exception of a student forced to take a medical underload (see below). “Full time” at William & Mary is defined as a minimum of 12 credits per semester (15 credits is the norm). “Full-time” at St Andrews is in most cases 60 credits (15 W&M credits) per semester. While at William and Mary, Joint Programme students are permitted to take as few as 12 credits per semester, but only in consultation with their Advisor, as Joint Programme students must have earned 60 W&M credits (240 St Andrews credits) by the end of their second-year Spring semester.

In exceptional circumstances, a student may petition for a medical underload; such petitions will also require the approval of the Academic Director, the Medical Review Committee, and the consent of both institutions. Because underloads might make it difficult to meet continuance standards, only underloads for medical reasons will be possible in the Joint Programme.

Withdrawal or Medical Withdrawal (or Leave) from the Programme is possible consistent with the procedures at the institution in which the student is in residence (students in residence at W&M can find those procedures under “Registration and Withdrawal  ” in this Catalog).  The student shall, if at all possible, first discuss the withdrawal with the Academic Director and the Dean of Students Office and should be aware that withdrawal might make it difficult to meet continuance standards.  Students awarded withdrawal or leave can only be readmitted/reinstated to the institution where the student plans to recommence studies in the Joint Programme, per that institution’s requirements; only then may readmission/reinstatement to the Joint Programme be granted per agreement of both institutions. 

System of Grading

W&M to St Andrews
William & Mary Letter Grade Quality Points (W&M) St Andrews Numeric Grade Meaning
A 4.0 19.5 Excellent
A 4.0 18.5  
A 4.0 17.5  
A 4.0 16.5  
A- 3.7 15  
B+ 3.3 14  
B 3.0 13 Good
B- 2.7 12  
C+ 2.3 11.5  
C 2.0 10.5 Satisfactory
C- 1.7 9  
D+ 1.3 8 Minimal Pass
D 1.0 7.5  
D- 0.7 7  
F 0.0 0 Fail
W   Not transcripted Withdraw
WM   Not transcripted Medical Withdrawal
G   G Deferred Grade
I   D Incomplete


St Andrews to W&M
St Andrews Numeric Grade William & Mary Letter Grade Quality Points (W&M) Meaning
15.5 to 20 A 4.0 Excellent
14.5 to 15.4 A- 3.7  
13.9 to 14.4 B+ 3.3  
13.1 to 13.8 B 3.0 Good
12.3 to 13.0 B- 2.7  
11.0 to 12.2 C+ 2.3  
10.5 to 10.9 C 2.0 Satisfactory
9.0 to 10.4 C- 1.7  
8.0 to 8.9 D+ 1.3 Minimal Pass
7.5 to 7.9 D 1.0  
7.0 to 7.4 D- 0.7  
0 to 6.9 F 0.0 Fail
G G   Deferred Grade
D I   Incomplete
V W or WM 0.0 “Vacat”

Repeated courses: Any course in which a student receives an “F” or a “W” or a “V” may be repeated for a grade (grades of “W” are given only at W&M); however, students should be aware that these grades will make it very difficult to meet continuance standards.

Incomplete Grades: Grades of “Incomplete” (or “D” at St Andrews) require the approval of the instructor; students must complete outstanding essential coursework while they are still in residence at the institution at which they took the course.

Pass/Fail and Audit: Although Joint Programme students may elect to audit a William and Mary course or to take one Pass/Fail, such courses will not count toward credits for the Joint Degree.

Continuance Standards

The following are the recommended standards for continuance for Joint Programme students:

Semester Cumulative GPA (in W&M terms) Cumulative Credits
1 1.7 12*
2 1.7 24*
3 1.85 45 (180 St Andrews)
4 2.0 ** 60 (240 St Andrews)**
5 2.0 72*
6 2.0*** 90 (360 St Andrews)
7 2.0 102* (408 St Andrews)
8 2.0 120 (480 St Andrews)

*Normally, students may take below 15 credits per semester only when they are in residence at William & Mary and when they have devised a plan with their major advisor to make up the credits before beginning the next academic year.  Students in residence at St. Andrews are expected to complete 120 (30) credits each year (but see Appeal to Progression to the Third Year below).

**By the end of their fourth semester, students must have accumulated 60 (240) credits, must have passed with a D (7) or better, on their first attempt, all courses in their major subject or required for the major, and earned an average of a C+ (or an 11 at St Andrews) on their first attempt in the following 2nd year courses (Honours Entry courses at St Andrews and their WM equivalents:

Classical Studies.  For the Ancient History and Archaeology pathway: At W&M, in both CLCV 217  and CLCV 218  ; at StA, in coursework from two of AN2002, AN2003, CL2003, CL2004;

For the Greek and Latin pathway: At W&M, in coursework within the dept (LATN and GREK); at StA, EITHER LT2001 and LT2002 or LT2003 and LT2004 including one pass at 11.0 or better, OR GK2001 and GK2002 or GK2003 and GK2004 including one pass at 11.0 or better.

Economics. At W&M, in both ECON 303  and ECON 304 ; at StA, in both EC2001 and 2002, as well as passes in EC2203 and EC1003; and students must pass on the first attempt ECON 307   or EC2203 and ECON 331   or E1003.

English. At W&M, in ENGL 203  and ENGL 250 ; at StA, in both EN2003 & 2004;

Film Studies. At W&M, in both FMST 302  and FMST 311   (“World Cinema After TV”); at StA, in both FM 2001 and FM 2002;

History. At W&M, in two History classes, at least one of which should be at 300-level; at StA, in two 2000-level modules with HI-, ME-, MH- or MO-prefixes, including HI2001 (unless HIST 301 already passed);

International Relations. At W&M, in two of GOVT 202  , GOVT 303 , GOVT 304 , GOVT 305  or GOVT 327 ; and in one of GOVT 324 , GOVT 325 , or GOVT 328 ; at St A, in both IR2005 & 2006; and achieve a passing grade on the first try in all other INRL/IR courses.


Continuance Standard for Cumulative GPA (WM): Joint Programme students who do not meet the minimum continuance standards for the regular track at William & Mary at the end of the academic year, regardless of whether they are home or host students, will be placed on academic probation; the general policy will apply except 1) that no official action* (i.e., the notification that the student is on probation or has been suspended) will be taken until the end of the academic year; and 2) that Joint Programme students will have the academic year after they have been put on probation to achieve the minimum Continuance standard.  Students in residence at W&M who have not met the continuance standards for the regular track at the end of a semester will be required to participate in the Academic Intervention Program.

*Nevertheless, students in residence whose performance at the end of the semester falls below the continuance standards listed above will receive notice from the Academic Director and will be required to meet with the major advisor and the Dean of Students Office to discuss strategies and services available.

Students on probation who do not meet the continuance standards by the end of the academic year will be suspended from William & Mary and asked to leave the Joint Programme; if they are home students, they may apply for reinstatement to William & Mary but they may not be reinstated into the Joint Programme. See policies for “Continuance ” and “Reinstatement ” at the front of this Catalog.

Continuance Standard, Successful Completion of Studies: If, at the end of the add-drop period in any given semester at William & Mary, a student has dropped or failed to enroll in (a) prerequisite(s) necessary for that student to continue in his or her program, or in the final semester a course required to graduate, that student may be administratively dropped from the Joint Programme.  

If, at the end of any given semester, a student’s performance makes continuance in the Joint Programme impossible (for example, because the student lacks the prerequisites to advance, or fails in the final semester a course required to graduate), that student may be administratively dropped from the Joint Programme. 

(An exception may be made if the student plans to attend summer school and has a note from the major advisor agreeing to the plan and assuring that the necessary courses will be offered, OR if the student receives an exemption per the procedures in “ Exemptions from Degrees” below.)

Continuance Standards, progression, Years 1 and 2:  During the first two (“sub-honours”) years, students are expected to carry at least 30 WM/120 StA hours per year.  Of those, 25 WM/100 StA hours must be earned at each institution.  The remaining 10 WM/40 StA hours may be taken at either institution, including William &  Mary summer school or summer study abroad.  Courses chosen in Year 2 should show progression:  students studying at St. Andrews in Year 2 will typically take at least 80 (StA) credits at the 2000 level, and students studying at William & Mary will typically take at least 20 (W&M) credits at or above the 200 level.

Continuance Standards, progression, Years 3 and 4 (Honours):

Admission to Honours:  Students who fail to achieve the specific standards for progression to the third year may be asked to leave the Joint Programme (see below); however, students whose home institution is William & Mary may continue in the regular track provided they meet the Continuance Standards for cumulative GPA. Students who have not met the continuance standards for progression to the third year but who wish to continue in the Joint Programme may appeal to both the Pro-Dean at St Andrews and the W&M Joint Programme Committee. The appeal must be submitted as soon as the grades are published at the end of the fourth semester. In order for the appeal to be considered:

  • Students must have earned 30/120 credits in year 1 and at least 23/90 credits in year 2; and
  • William & Mary home students must have received grades averaging 10 in their Honours entry courses at St Andrews; St Andrews home students must have received grades averaging “C” (2.0) in the corresponding courses at William & Mary; and
  • The respective authorities at both institutions will decide together whether the student will be permitted to continue on probation. If permitted, the student must have earned 90/360 credits by the end of the 3rd year, and must earn grades of at least 13.5 in two 3000- or 4000-level modules in their major subject (if year 3 is spent at St Andrews) or a grade of B in at least two 300- or 400-level courses in their major subject (if year 3 is spent at William & Mary). Students who do not meet these conditions of probation will be asked to leave the Joint Programme.

Progression in Years 3 and 4:  Students must earn 60 (WM)/240 (StA) credits, at least 45 (WM)/180 (StA) in Honours courses - that is, courses in the major at the 300(0) - 400(0) level.  Students must take 30/120 credits at each university.  Of the total 60/240, 22.5/90 should be at the 4000-level at St. Andrews, or at the equivalent level at W&M.  Normally, no more than 7.5/30 credits below the 300-level may be taken in a single Honours year.

With the approval of their Program / major advisors at both institutions, students may apply up to six (6) 300- or 400-level credits taken at W&M during the summers before Years 3 and 4 toward the total required Honours credits.

Continuation for International Students.  Any student in the Joint Degree Programme will be an international student at one, if not at both, institutions.  Students should be aware of the requirements for the university’s continued sponsorship of their visas, which may include attendance, prompt payment of fees, etc. See for requirements at W&M, and for requirements at St Andrews.

Religious Accommodations Guidelines. William & Mary’s Guidelines apply to all Joint Programme students in residence. St Andrews does not have these same guidelines: students in residence at St Andrews need to notify their instructors as soon as they discover any conflict between religious observances and required academic activities; students have the responsibility to arrange course schedules to minimize conflicts.

Requirements for Degrees

The undergraduate degree of Bachelor of Arts (International Honours), or BA(IH), combines the breadth and flexibility of a liberal arts degree with a four-year program of in-depth study in one of six disciplines: Classical Studies, Economics, English, Film Studies, History, or International Relations. The Joint Degree Programme requires students to plan carefully with their major advisors a course of study suited to their particular needs and interests.

All Joint Degree Programme students will take a reading-, writing-, and discussion-intensive seminar (COLL 150) during their first year of residence at William and Mary. This seminar satisfies William & Mary’s freshman seminar and writing proficiency requirements.

William & Mary has identified a series of knowledge-, skills-, and values-objectives critical to a liberal arts education; students in the Joint Programme will work with their major advisors to choose courses offered at both institutions that satisfy these objectives. And Joint Programme students will pursue in depth a major in one of the six disciplines, with opportunity for both independent study and Honors.

The Faculty of Arts & Sciences at William & Mary and the Faculties of the respective Schools at St Andrews determine the degree requirements for the BA(IH), including the regulations for continuance in the Joint Programme. Therefore, the “Requirements for Degrees ” section that appears earlier in this catalog has been modified for this Programme.

Test and Transfer Credit

Students in the Joint Programme may not apply credit from College Board Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate examinations, etc. toward the Joint Degree. However, exam scores may count toward course exemptions and satisfaction of knowledge objectives for breadth as outlined at the front of this catalog.

No transfer credit may be applied toward the Joint Degree, and there is no credit by examination.

No credits earned before a student matriculates, even those earned at W&M, may be used toward the Joint Degree requirements.

Summer School and Study Away

Joint Programme students may apply summer school courses taken at William & Mary (including W&M summer Study Abroad), toward the BA(IH), as long as 1) the student has earned 60 W&M (240 St Andrews) credits by the end of the Spring semester of their second year, and-except in unusual circumstances -120 W&M (480 St Andrews) credits by the end of the Spring semester of their fourth year; and 2) the student spends two complete academic years in residence at each institution. No other study away may be counted toward the Joint Degree.

Requirements for the Baccalaureate Degree, International Honours

General Requirements. 120 W&M credit hours (equivalent to 480 St Andrews credit hours) are required for graduation and a minimum GPA of 2.0 (10.5 St Andrews). William & Mary home students must complete at least 61 W&M credit hours in residence at W&M. Students are expected to complete the Joint Degree in four years of full-time study; only in exceptional circumstances (such as medical withdrawal) may the time to degree be extended.

The 72-hour rule does not apply to students in the Joint Degree Programme.

There is no possibility of a double major in the Joint Degree Programme.

Credit Hour Limitations in Applied Music, Military Science, Physical Activities, Statistics, and Theatre/Speech/Dance.

Joint Programme students may not apply credits from courses taken in Applied Music, Military Science, Physical Activities, and Theatre/Speech/Dance toward the Joint Degree, with the following exceptions from Theatre/Speech/Dance, which may be applied to the Joint Degree: THEA 150 , THEA 200 , THEA 328 /THEA 328W , THEA 329 /THEA 329W , THEA 331 /THEA 331W , THEA 332 , THEA 333 , THEA 222 , THEA 410 /THEA 410W , THEA 461 /THEA 461W , THEA 481 ; DANC 220 , DANC 230 , DANC 333  ; and SPCH 311  and SPCH 410 .

Joint Programme students may count only two introductory statistics courses from either institution toward the Joint Degree.

Joint Programme students may apply 3 credits of internship toward the degree.

Exemption from degree requirements: Requests for exemption from any Joint Programme degree requirements must be presented to and approved by the student’s major advisor, and must be supported by documentation (for example, by a letter from a physician). Requests will go to the Committee on Degrees at William & Mary and must also be approved by the relevant administrators at St Andrews.

Course Specific Requirements

Joint Programme students are required to complete the university’s foreign language, writing, and major computing proficiencies and a first-year seminar (COLL 150). All William & Mary home students in their first year, and host students from StA at W&M in their second year, will take a 1-credit course in the Fall that will prepare them for the academic culture at W&M. W&M first year home students will also take, in the Spring semester of their first year, a 1-credit course that will prepare them for their first year abroad.

Joint Programme students will work with their major advisors to choose courses that satisfy the knowledge objectives that underlie William & Mary’s existing general education requirements.

Knowledge objectives:

An understanding of the world of nature;
An understanding of individual and social behavior;
A general historical knowledge of Western civilization;
An acquaintance with a non-Western cultural tradition;
A general knowledge of masterworks, genres and movements in art, music, and literature;
A general knowledge of major philosophical and religious systems.

Skills objectives:

Critical thinking skills;
Verbal skills;
Quantitative skills;
Scientific skills;
Aesthetic skills;
Historical inquiry skills;
Language skills (i.e., proficiency in a foreign language);
Information acquisition skills;
Computer literacy skills.

Values objectives:

Intellectual values;
Social and civic values;
Personal values.

The Major. Unlike William & Mary undergraduates, who are admitted in an “undeclared” status, BAIH Joint Programme students are admitted to one of the six programs (“majors”), the specifications for which appear at the end of this section.  In Year 2, Joint Programme students must complete at least 80 credits at the 2000-level at St. Andrews, or at least 20 credits at the 200-level or above at W&M. In Years 3 & 4, Joint Programme students must complete the equivalent of 45 W&M/180 StA credits in upper division courses (300-400 or 3000-4000) counting toward their major. This means that typically students must take at least 5 upper-division courses in courses counting toward their major at W&M.

A Joint Programme student who wishes to change majors may petition to do so through the major advisor in the prospective department. Such changes are difficult, but when the student has taken the appropriate courses and space permits, the petition maybe granted.

Double majors are not possible in the Joint Programme.

Joint Programme students may earn one W&M minor provided they declare the minor through appropriate procedures and successfully complete the requirements as defined by the Catalog and by the department or program.

Honors and Special Programs

Departmental Honors Projects are available in the individual programs and are governed by the stipulations in the “Requirements for Degrees ” section found earlier in this catalog.

Graduation (Latin) Honors will be calculated for Joint Programme students as described in the “Requirements for Degrees ” section and will be reflected on the transcript at both institutions.

Degree Class (I, IIi, IIii, or III) will be determined for Joint Programme students by the University of St. Andrews and reflected on the transcript at both institutions.


The Joint Degree Programs