Jun 18, 2024  
2022 - 2023 Undergraduate Catalog 
2022 - 2023 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

About William & Mary



William & Mary is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC) to award baccalaureate, master’s, educational specialist, and doctoral degrees. Questions about the accreditation of William & Mary may be directed in writing to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, GA 30033-4097, by calling (404) 679-4500, or by using information available on SACSCOC’s website (www.sacscoc.org).

Individual schools are accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB), the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP), and the American Bar Association (ABA). Programs within the School of Education are accredited by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) and the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). For more information, see the “Accreditation” page on the university’s website.

Correspondence Directory

To facilitate prompt attention, inquiries should be addressed to the following at William & Mary, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-8795.

Academic Affairs

Peggy Agouris, Provost

Admission - Undergraduate

Timothy A. Wolfe, Associate Vice President for Enrollment and Dean of Admission

Admission - Graduate Studies

Christopher Carone, Vice-Dean of Graduate Studies and Research, Arts & Sciences

Ken White, Associate Dean for MBA and Executive Programs, Mason School of Business

James P. Barber, Associate Dean for Academic Programs, School of Education

Michelle Rahman, Interim Associate Dean of Admissions, William & Mary Law School

Alumni Affairs

Howard Busbee, Interim Executive Director, Alumni Association and Associate Vice President of Alumni Engagement

Auxiliary Services

Cynthia A. Glavas, Director


Susan Lemerise, General Manager

William & Mary Police

Deborah Cheesebro, Vice President for Public Safety & Chief of Police

Development, Annuities and Gifts

Matthew T. Lambert, Vice President for University Advancement

Diversity & Equal Opportunity

W. Fanchon Glover, Chief Diversity Officer

Fees and Expenses

Melanie O’Dell, Chief Financial Officer


Amy Stoakley Sebring, Chief Operating Officer


Information Technology 

Edward Aractingi, Chief Information Officer

International Studies

Teresa V. Longo, Associate Provost for International Affairs/Executive Director, Reves Center


Rebecca Green, University Ombuds

Charles F. Gressard, University Ombuds

Shylan E. Scott, University Ombuds

Records and Transcripts

Sara L. Marchello, Associate Provost and University Registrar

Strategic Initiatives, University Governance, University Communications

VacantVice President for Strategic Initiatives & Public Affairs

Student Employment, Student Loans, Financial Aid

Joe Dobrota, Director of Financial Aid

Student Life

Virginia M. Ambler, Vice President for Student Affairs

William & Mary Libraries

Carrie L. Cooper, Dean, University Libraries

Title IX Coordinator

Pamela H. Mason, Chief Compliance Officer & FOIA Officer

The University


William & Mary transcends the boundaries between research and teaching, teaching and learning, learning and living. People come to William & Mary wanting to understand and change the world - and together we do.


A preeminent, public research university, grounded in the liberal arts and sciences since 1693, William & Mary is a vibrant and inclusive community. Through close mentoring and collaboration, we inspire lifelong learning, generate new knowledge, and expand understanding. We cultivate creative thinkers, principled leaders, and compassionate global citizens equipped for lives of meaning and distinction. William & Mary convenes great minds and hearts to meet the most pressing needs of our time.

Statement of Values

Accomplishing our mission requires that the entire community work together as stewards of the core values that infuse our collective effort:


We create a welcoming and caring community that embraces diverse people and perspectives.


We foster an open academic environment that champions intellectual agility and inspires creativity in the discovery, preservation, application, and advancement of knowledge.


We aim for the extraordinary, recognizing that personal growth and meaningful accomplishment require bold and innovative aspirations, courageous risk-taking, and focused effort.


We create conditions that ensure William & Mary will thrive for all time coming, and we empower those who live, learn, and work here to make choices toward a healthy and fulfilling life.


We are honorable, equitable, trustworthy, and committed to the highest ethical standards in all that we do.


We treat one another with mutual respect, recognizing and upholding each person’s inherent dignity and worth.


We engage with individuals and communities both near and far, devoting our knowledge, skills, and time to serving the greater good.

William & Mary is a community that fosters deep human connection. We reflect on the lessons of history to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing world. We engage diverse perspectives and seek wisdom in bridging differences. Together, we are unceasing in our efforts to make a meaningful difference in our communities, the state, the nation, and the world.

The Phi Beta Kappa Society

On December 5, 1776, a small group of William & Mary students founded the Phi Beta Kappa Society, which has since become the nation’s premier academic honor society. Alpha of Virginia, as the founding chapter came to be known, inducted fifty members during its first brief period of existence (1776-1781). Among them were William Short, later a distinguished diplomat and close associate of Thomas Jefferson, and John Marshall, subsequently Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa were established at Yale and Harvard, which gave the Society continuity and growth it might not otherwise have had, for in 1781, with the approach of the British army, Alpha of Virginia was suspended. After a brief revival period (1851-1861), the chapter was resurrected in 1893, the 200th anniversary of the founding of William & Mary. In the meantime, chapters of the Society had been established at many other  institutions and had come together as the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa, now the Phi Beta Kappa Society, with which Alpha of Virginia is affiliated.

The primary purpose of Alpha of Virginia is to encourage and recognize the achievements of William & Mary undergraduates, and twice each year, the Chapter elects to membership a small number of senior students who are B.A. and B.S. candidates, along with BBA candidates who have a second major in an Arts & Sciences discipline, and have demonstrated outstanding scholarship, breadth of intellectual interests and good character.

Diversity Statement

William & Mary is a community of teachers, students and staff who share our national ideals of human equality, democracy, pluralism and advancement based on merit. We give life to these principles - and prepare women and men to be citizens of the wider world - when we value diverse backgrounds, talents and points of view.

As a community, William & Mary believes that cultural pluralism and intellectual freedom introduce us to new experiences, stimulate original ideas, enrich critical thinking, and give our work a broader reach. We cannot accomplish our mission of teaching, learning, discovery and service without such diversity.

William & Mary belongs to all Virginians, to the nation, and to the world. Yet our university, like our country, failed for many years to open the door of opportunity to all people. In recent decades, William & Mary has made itself a more diverse community, and thus a better one. Structures and habits that create injustices, however, have yet to be fully banished from American society. We are committed to establishing justice.

William & Mary strives to be a place where people of all backgrounds feel at home, where diversity is actively embraced, and where each individual takes responsibility for upholding the dignity of all members of the community.

Code of Ethics

Integrity is one of the core values of William & Mary. Thus, we are committed to lawful and ethical behavior in all of the university’s activities. At William & Mary, we insist that all members of the university community - our board members, employees, students and volunteers - comply with all laws, regulations, policies and ethical norms applicable to them. More generally, we are to be honest, fair, and trustworthy ourselves and to take care that other members of the university community are also.

We, as members of the William & Mary community, will:

  1. Obey the laws, regulations and policies applicable to our university activities.
  2. Protect and preserve university resources and ensure their proper use.
  3. Avoid both conflicts of interest and the appearance of such conflicts.
  4. Safeguard confidential information.
  5. Make procurement decisions impartially and objectively.
  6. Maintain effective internal controls to safeguard the regularity and integrity of our activities.
  7. Treat other people with dignity and respect, ensuring there is no discrimination or harassment at William & Mary.
  8. Report any illegal or unethical action that comes to our attention, so the university can investigate and take corrective steps.

Presidents of the University

James Blair, 1693-1743
William Dawson, 1743-1752
William Stith, 1752-1755
Thomas Dawson, 1755-1760
William Yates, 1761-1764
James Horrocks, 1764-1771
John Camm, 1771-1777
James Madison, 1777-1812
John Bracken, 1812-1814
John Augustine Smith, 1814-1826
William H. Wilmer, 1826-1827
Adam Empie, 1827-1836
Thomas Roderick Dew, 1836-1846
Robert Saunders, 1847-1848

John Johns, 1849-1854
Benjamin S. Ewell, 1854-1888
Lyon G. Tyler, 1888-1919
Julian A.C. Chandler, 1919-1934
John Stewart Bryan, 1934-1942
John Edwin Pomfret, 1942-1951
Alvin Duke Chandler, 1951-1960
Davis Young Paschall, 1960-1971
Thomas Ashley Graves, Jr., 1971-1985
Paul Robert Verkuil, 1985-1992
Timothy Jackson Sullivan, 1992-2005
Gene Ray Nichol, Jr., 2005-2008
W. Taylor Reveley III, 2008-2018
Katherine A. Rowe, 2018-

Chancellors of the University

Henry Compton, Bishop of London, 1693-1700
Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1700-1707
Henry Compton, Bishop of London, 1707-1713
John Robinson, Bishop of London, 1714-1721
William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1721-1729
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, 1729-1736
William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1736-1737
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, 1737-1748
Thomas Sherlock, Bishop of London, 1749-1761
Thomas Hayter, Bishop of London, 1762
Charles Wyndham, Earl of Egremont, 1762-1763
Philip Yorke, Earl of Harwicke, 1764
Richard Terrick, Bishop of London, 1764-1776
George Washington, First President of The United States, 1788-1799
John Tyler, Tenth President of The United States, 1859-1862
Hugh Blair Grigsby, Historian 1871-1881
John Stewart Bryan, Nineteenth President of William & Mary, 1942-1944
Colgate W. Darden, Jr., Governor of Virginia, 1946-1947
Alvin Duke Chandler, Twenty-first President of William & Mary, 1962-1974
Warren E. Burger, Fifteenth Chief Justice of The United States, 1986-1993
The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1993-2000
Henry A. Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, 2000-2005
Sandra Day O’Connor, Associate Justice of The United States Supreme Court, 2005-2012
Robert M. Gates, United States Secretary of Defense, 2012-

Honorary Fellows of the University

His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales, 1981
Her Royal Highness, Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, 1989
Glenn Close, 2019


Board of Visitors

As of July 1, 2022

The Board of Visitors is the governing authority of William & Mary. The Board has the powers and duties conferred upon it by the Royal Charter, the Code of Virginia, and the Management Agreement with the Commonwealth of Virginia. It strives to preserve the ideals and traditions of the institutions under its jurisdiction, including the student-administered Honor System. The Board appoints the President of William & Mary; and it appoints academic officers, faculties, and other executive employees essential to the effective operation of all the institutions under its control. The Board consists of seventeen members appointed by and accountable to the Governor of Virginia and confirmed by the General Assembly.  The seventeen members of the Board serve for terms of four years each. Annually the Rector appoints the President of the Student Assembly of William & Mary and, in consultation with the Committee on Academic Affairs, appoints a full-time faculty member from among the former presidents of the William & Mary Faculty Assembly to the position of non-voting, advisory representative on the Board of Visitors. Annually the Rector appoints a William & Mary Staff Liaison to serve as a non-voting liaison to bring a staff perspective to the Board.  In selecting the Staff Liaison, the Rector shall alternate each year between the professional and operational/classified staffs.  The Board approves the Mission Statement and Goals of the university.

Board of Visitors Officers
Charles E. Poston, J.D. ‘74 Rector
Barbara L. Johnson, J.D. ‘84 Vice Rector
Ardine Williams Secretary
Board of Visitors Members
Term expires June 30, 2023
Mari Carmen Aponte Washington, DC
James A. Hixon, J.D. ‘79, M.L.T. ‘80  Virginia Beach, VA
Charles E. Poston, J.D. ‘74 Norfolk, VA
Karen Kennedy Schultz ‘75 Winchester, VA
Term expires June 30, 2024
S. Douglas Bunch ‘02, J.D. ‘06 Washington, DC
Cynthia E. Hudson, J.D. ‘87 Richmond, VA
Anne Leigh Kerr ‘91, J.D. ‘98 Richmond, VA
John F. Littel Virginia Beach, VA
Brian P. Woolfolk, J.D. ‘96 Fort Washington, MD
Term Expires June 30, 2025
Ardine Williams Washington, DC
Barbara L. Johnson, J.D. ‘84 Alexandria, VA
J.E. Lincoln Saunders ‘06 Richmond, VA
John P. Rathbone Norfolk, VA
Term expires June 30, 2026
Kendrick F. Ashton ‘98 McLean, VA
Stephen J. Huebner ‘76 Toano, VA
C. Michael Petters, MBA ‘93 Newport News, VA
Laura C. Rigas ‘01 Alexandria, VA
2022-2023 Student Representatives
John Cho William & Mary
Hector Garcia Richard Bland College
2022-2023 Faculty Representatives
David S. Armstrong William & Mary
David McCarthy Richard Bland College
2022-2023 Staff Liaison
Marc D. Kelly William & Mary

Committees of the Board of Visitors

Executive Committee

Richard Bland College Committee

Committee on Academic Affairs

Committee on Administration, Buildings and Grounds

Committee on Audit, Risk and Compliance

Committee on Financial Affairs

Committee on Institutional Advancement

Committee on the Student Experience


Directory of Administrative Offices

Office of the President

Katherine A. Rowe, President

Cynthia A. Brauer, Executive Assistant to the President

Elizabeth Debusk-Maslanka, Executive Communications Associate

Michael J. Fox, Senior Assistant to the President and Secretary to the Board of Visitors

James R. Golden, Senior Consultant for Special Projects

Jeremy P. Martin, Chief of Staff

Ann Marie Stock, Presidential Liaison for Strategic Cultural Partnerships

Ali Trivette, Administrative Assistant

Jessica Walton, Deputy Secretary to the Board of Visitors & Budget Manager

Vacant, Special Assistant for Military & Veterans Affairs


Office of the Provost

Peggy Agouris, Provost

Christin E. Fiedler, Executive Assistant to the Provost

Dennis M. Manos, Vice Provost for Research and Graduate/Professional Studies

Vacant, Vice Provost for Academic Affairs

Martha Wescoat Andes, Senior Associate Provost for Planning and New Ventures

Susan L. Bosworth, Associate Provost for Institutional Accreditation and Effectiveness

Sara L. Marchello, Associate Provost and University Registrar

Roxane O. Adler Hickey, Director, William & Mary Washington Center

Adam P. Barger, Interim Director, Studio for Teaching and Learning Innovation

David Brashear, Director, Muscarelle Museum of Art

Faculty of Arts & Sciences

Maria Donoghue Velleca, Dean of Faculty

Sherri Powers, Associate Dean of Finance & Administration 

Robert J. Hinkle, Vice-Dean of Natural, Physical, and Computational Sciences & Interdisciplinary Studies

Suzanne Raitt, Vice-Dean of Arts and Humanities & Interdisciplinary Studies

Silvia TandeciarzVice-Dean for Social Sciences & Interdisciplinary Studies

Christopher Carone, Vice-Dean for Graduate Studies and Research

Benjamin I. Boone, Assistant Dean of Undergraduate Education

Shelly N. Laurenzo, Assistant Dean of Undergraduate Education

Mason School of Business

Todd A. Mooradian, Dean

Kimberly J. Smith, Senior Associate Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs

Brett S. Alpert, Associate Dean of Career Services & Executive Director of GCMC

Kimberly Sperling, Associate Dean of Advancement & CEO of Business School Foundation

Mindy G. Schuster, Associate Dean for Finance and Administration

Pamela Suzadail, Associate Dean & Executive Director of Online Learning

Ken White, Associate Dean for MBA and Executive Programs

Amanda K. Barth, Assistant Dean, MBA Admissions and Enrollment

Vacant, Assistant Dean, Undergraduate and One Year Masters Programs

Carlane J. Pittman, Assistant Dean, MBA Programs Academic Programs and Student Services

Jonathan DueExecutive Director, Center for Military Transition

School of Education

Robert C. Knoeppel, Dean

James P. Barber, Senior Associate Dean for Academic Programs

Natoya Haskins, Associate Dean and Director of Diversity and Inclusion

Elizabeth Talbott, Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Development

William & Mary Law School

A. Benjamin Spencer, Dean

Adam M. Gershowitz, Vice Dean, Academic Affairs

Dan M. Scianandre, Associate Dean, Administration and Finance

Michelle Rahman, Acting Associate Dean, Admissions

Michael J. Ende, Associate Dean, Career Services

Katey M. Howerton, Associate Dean, Advancement

Allison Orr Larsen, Associate Dean, Research and Faculty Development

Arielle Newby, Acting Associate Dean, Student and Academic Support

School of Marine Science

D. Derek Aday, Dean

Vacant, Chief Financial and Administrative Officer

Linda C. Schaffner, Associate Dean, Academic Studies

Mark W. Luckenbach, Director, Research and Advisory Services

Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

Catherine E. Kelly, Executive Director

Joshua A. Piker, Editor, William and Mary Quarterly

Reves Center for International Studies

Teresa V. Longo, Associate Provost for International Affairs/Executive Director, Reves Center

Sylvia M. Mitterndorfer, Director of Global Education

Eva Wong, Director of International Students, Scholars and Programs

William & Mary Libraries

Carrie L. Cooper, Dean of University Libraries

Lisa Nickel, Associate Dean of Research and Public Services

Alissa Zawoyski, University Archivist

Muscarelle Museum of Art

David Brashear, Director

Office of Admission

Timothy A. Wolfe, Associate Vice President for Enrollment and Dean of Admission

Elizabeth R. Dolan​, Senior Associate Dean of Admission

David E. Trott​, Senior Associate Dean of Admission

Office of Compliance & Equity

Pamela H. Mason, Chief Compliance Officer & FOIA Officer

Carla Costello, Deputy Compliance Officer & ADA Coordinator

Office of Equal Opportunity

W. Fanchon Glover, Chief Diversity Officer

Office of University Operations

Amy S. Sebring, Chief Operating Officer

Edward Aractingi, Chief Information Officer

Deborah Cheesebro, Vice President for Public Safety and Chief of Police

Jacquelyn Ferree, Associate Vice President for Business Services & Organizational Excellence

Ashley HoodExecutive Director of Government Relations

Christopher D. Lee, Chief Human Resources Officer

Jacob Long, Assistant Vice President for Budget & Financial Planning

Melanie O’Dell, Chief Financial Officer

Colin Smolinsky, Chief of Staff

Office of Financial Aid

Joe Dobrota, Director

Office of Intercollegiate Athletics

Brian Mann, William & Mary Athletics Director

Vacant, Senior Associate Athletics Director, Finance & Administration

Office of Internal Audit

Kent Erdahl, University Auditor

Office of Strategic Initiatives & Public Affairs

Vacant, Vice President for Strategy and Innovation

Brian Whitson, Senior Associate Vice President for Communications and Chief Communications Officer

Heather Golden, Associate Vice President of University Marketing & Chief Marketing Officer

Timothy A.  Wolfe, Associate Vice President for Enrollment & Dean of Admission

Lillian H. Stevens, Senior Operations Manager

Office of Student Affairs

Virginia M. Ambler, Vice President for Student Affairs  

Stacey G. HarrisDean of Students

Anna Mroch​, Director of Student Affairs Planning and Assessment

Gregory M. Henderson, Assistant to the Vice President for Student Affairs and Chief of Staff

Maggie Evans, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs (Campus Living) and Director of Residence Life

Andrew D. Stelljes, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs (Student Engagement and Leadership) 

R. Kelly Crace, Associate Vice President for Health and Wellness and Director of CMAX

Kimberly L. Weatherly, Assistant Dean and Director, Center for Student Diversity

Carina Sudarsky-Gleiser, Director, Counseling Center

David Dafashy, M.D., Director, Student Health Center

Anne H. Arseneau, Director of Leadership Development

Eric Margiotta, Director of Student Unions and Engagement

Melody Porter, Director of Office of Community Engagement

Linda A. Knight, Director of Campus Recreation

Liz Cascone, Director of The Haven

Office of University Counsel

Carrie Nee, University Counsel

Office of University Advancement

Matthew T. Lambert, Vice President for University Advancement

Office of University Ombuds

Rebecca Green, University Ombuds

Charles F. Gressard, University Ombuds

Shylan E. Scott, University Ombuds

Office of the Associate Provost and University Registrar

Sara L. Marchello,  Associate Provost and University Registrar

Kimberly A. Momballou, Deputy University Registrar

Society of the Alumni

Howard Busbee, Interim Executive Director, Alumni Association and Associate Vice President of Alumni Engagement