Jan 22, 2022  
2018 - 2019 Undergraduate Catalog 
2018 - 2019 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

About William & Mary



William & Mary is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award bachelor’s, master’s, education specialist, and doctoral degrees.   Contact the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, GA 30033-4097 or call 404-679-4500 for questions about the accreditation of William & Mary. 

William & Mary is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges & Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC).  Individual schools are accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB), the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP), and the American Bar Association (ABA).  Programs within the School of Education are accredited by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) and the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). For more information, see the “Accreditation” page on the university’s website.

Correspondence Directory

To facilitate prompt attention, inquiries should be addressed to the following at William & Mary, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-8795.

Academic Affairs

Michael R. Halleran, Provost

Admission - Undergraduate

Timothy A. Wolfe, Associate Provost for Enrollment and Dean of Admission

Admission - Graduate Studies

Virginia J. Torczon, Dean of Graduate Studies and Research, Arts & Sciences

Ken White, Associate Dean for MBA and Executive Programs, Mason School of Business

Leslie W. Grant, Associate Dean for Academic Programs, School of Education

Faye Shealy, Associate Dean of Admissions, William & Mary Law School

Alumni Affairs

Marilyn W. Midyette, Executive Director, Alumni Association and Associate Vice President of Alumni Engagement

Auxiliary Services

Cynthia A. Glavas, Director


Cathy Pacheco, General Manager

William & Mary Police

Deborah Cheesebro, Chief

Development, Annuities and Gifts

Matthew T. Lambert, Vice President for University Advancement

Diversity & Equal Opportunity

W. Fanchon Glover, Chief Diversity Officer

Dania Matos, Deputy Chief Diversity Officer

Fees and Expenses

Melanie O’Dell, Assistant Vice President, Financial Operations


General Business Matters

Samuel E. Jones, Senior Vice President for Finance and Administration

Amy Stoakley Sebring, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Information Technology 

Courtney M. Carpenter, Associate Provost for Information Technology, Chief Information Officer

International Studies

Stephen E. Hanson, Vice Provost for International Affairs and Director of the Reves Center for International Studies


Mark H. Patterson, University Ombudsperson

Records and Transcripts

Sara L. Marchello, Associate Provost and University Registrar

Strategic Initiatives, University Governance, University Communications

Henry R. Broaddus, Vice President for Strategic Initiatives & Public Affairs

Student Employment, Student Loans, Financial Aid

Joe Dobrota, Director of Financial Aid

Student Life

Virginia M. Ambler, Vice President for Student Affairs

William & Mary Libraries

Carrie L. Cooper, Dean, University Libraries

Title IX Coordinator

Pamela Mason, Interim Chief Compliance Officer, Title IX Coordinator

The University

Mission Statement

William & Mary, a public university in Williamsburg, Virginia, is the second-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Established in 1693 by British royal charter, William & Mary is proud of its role as the Alma Mater of generations of American patriots, leaders and public servants. Now, in its fourth century, it continues this tradition of excellence by combining the best features of an undergraduate college with the opportunities offered by a modern research university. Its moderate size, dedicated faculty, and distinctive history give William & Mary a unique character among public institutions, and create a learning environment that fosters close interaction among students and teachers.

The university’s predominantly residential undergraduate program provides a broad liberal education in a stimulating academic environment enhanced by a talented and diverse student body. This nationally acclaimed undergraduate program is integrated with selected graduate and professional programs in five faculties – Arts and Sciences, Business, Education, Law, and Marine Science. Masters and doctoral programs in the humanities, the sciences, the social sciences, business, education, and law provide a wide variety of intellectual opportunities for students at both graduate and undergraduate levels.

At William & Mary, teaching, research, and public service are linked through programs designed to preserve, transmit, and expand knowledge. Effective teaching imparts knowledge and encourages the intellectual development of both student and teacher. Quality research supports the educational program by introducing students to the challenge and excitement of original discovery, and is a source of the knowledge and understanding needed for a better society. The university recognizes its special responsibility to the citizens of Virginia through public and community service to the Commonwealth as well as to national and international communities. Teaching, research, and public service are all integral parts of the mission of William & Mary.

The Phi Beta Kappa Society

On December 5, 1776, a small group of William & Mary students founded the Phi Beta Kappa Society, which has since become the nation’s premier academic honor society. Alpha of Virginia, as the founding chapter came to be known, inducted fifty members during its first brief period of existence (1776-1781). Among them were William Short, later a distinguished diplomat and close associate of Thomas Jefferson, and John Marshall, subsequently Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa were established at Yale and Harvard, which gave the Society continuity and growth it might not otherwise have had, for in 1781, with the approach of the British army, Alpha of Virginia was suspended. After a brief revival period (1851-1861), the chapter was resurrected in 1893, the 200th anniversary of the founding of William & Mary. In the meantime, chapters of the Society had been established at many other  institutions and had come together as the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa, now the Phi Beta Kappa Society, with which Alpha of Virginia is affiliated.

The primary purpose of Alpha of Virginia is to encourage and recognize the achievements of William & Mary undergraduates, and twice each year, the Chapter elects to membership a small number of senior students who are B.A. and B.S. candidates, along with BBA candidates who have a second major in an Arts & Sciences discipline, and have demonstrated outstanding scholarship, breadth of intellectual interests and good character.

Diversity Statement

The College of William and Mary in Virginia is a community of teachers, students and staff who share our national ideals of human equality, democracy, pluralism and advancement based on merit. We give life to these principles - and prepare women and men to be citizens of the wider world - when we value diverse backgrounds, talents and points of view.

As a community, William & Mary believes that cultural pluralism and intellectual freedom introduce us to new experiences, stimulate original ideas, enrich critical thinking, and give our work a broader reach. We cannot accomplish our mission of teaching, learning, discovery and service without such diversity.

William & Mary belongs to all Virginians, to the nation, and to the world. Yet our College, like our country, failed for many years to open the door of opportunity to all people. In recent decades, William & Mary has made itself a more diverse community, and thus a better one. Structures and habits that create injustices, however, have yet to be fully banished from American society. We are committed to establishing justice.

The College of William & Mary strives to be a place where people of all backgrounds feel at home, where diversity is actively embraced, and where each individual takes responsibility for upholding the dignity of all members of the  community.

Code of Ethics

Integrity is one of the core values of the College of William & Mary. Thus, we are committed to lawful and ethical behavior in all of the university’s activities. At William & Mary, we insist that all members of the university community - our board members, employees, students and volunteers - comply with all laws, regulations, policies and ethical norms applicable to them. More generally, we are to be honest, fair, and trustworthy ourselves and to take care that other members of the university community are also.

We, as members of the William & Mary community, will:

  1. Obey the laws, regulations and policies applicable to our university activities.
  2. Protect and preserve university resources and ensure their proper use.
  3. Avoid both conflicts of interest and the appearance of such conflicts.
  4. Safeguard confidential information.
  5. Make procurement decisions impartially and objectively.
  6. Maintain effective internal controls to safeguard the regularity and integrity of our activities.
  7. Treat other people with dignity and respect, ensuring there is no discrimination or harassment at William & Mary.
  8. Report any illegal or unethical action that comes to our attention, so the university can investigate and take corrective steps.


In fulfilling its mission,William & Mary adopts the following specific goals:

  • to attract outstanding students from diverse backgrounds;
  • to develop a diverse faculty which is nationally and internationally recognized for excellence in both teaching and research;
  • to provide a challenging undergraduate program with a liberal arts and sciences curriculum that encourages creativity, independent thought, and intellectual depth, breadth and curiosity;
  • to offer high quality graduate and professional programs that prepare students for intellectual, professional and public leadership;
  • to instill in its students an appreciation for the human condition, a concern for the public well-being and a life-long commitment to learning; and
  • to use the scholarship and skills of its faculty and students to further human knowledge and understanding, and to address specific problems confronting the Commonwealth of Virginia, the nation and the world.

Presidents of the University

James Blair, 1693-1743
William Dawson, 1743-1752
William Stith, 1752-1755
Thomas Dawson, 1755-1760
William Yates, 1761-1764
James Horrocks, 1764-1771
John Camm, 1771-1777
James Madison, 1777-1812
John Bracken, 1812-1814
John Augustine Smith, 1814-1826
William H. Wilmer, 1826-1827
Adam Empie, 1827-1836
Thomas Roderick Dew, 1836-1846
Robert Saunders, 1847-1848

John Johns, 1849-1854
Benjamin S. Ewell, 1854-1888
Lyon G. Tyler, 1888-1919
Julian A.C. Chandler, 1919-1934
John Stewart Bryan, 1934-1942
John Edwin Pomfret, 1942-1951
Alvin Duke Chandler, 1951-1960
Davis Young Paschall, 1960-1971
Thomas Ashley Graves, Jr., 1971-1985
Paul Robert Verkuil, 1985-1992
Timothy Jackson Sullivan, 1992-2005
Gene Ray Nichol, Jr., 2005-2008
W. Taylor Reveley III, 2008-2018
Katherine A. Rowe, 2018-

Chancellors of the University

Henry Compton, Bishop of London, 1693-1700
Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1700-1707
Henry Compton, Bishop of London, 1707-1713
John Robinson, Bishop of London, 1714-1721
William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1721-1729
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, 1729-1736
William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1736-1737
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, 1737-1748
Thomas Sherlock, Bishop of London, 1749-1761
Thomas Hayter, Bishop of London, 1762
Charles Wyndham, Earl of Egremont, 1762-1763
Philip Yorke, Earl of Harwicke, 1764
Richard Terrick, Bishop of London, 1764-1776
George Washington, First President of The United States, 1788-1799
John Tyler, Tenth President of The United States, 1859-1862
Hugh Blair Grigsby, Historian 1871-1881
John Stewart Bryan, Nineteenth President of William & Mary, 1942-1944
Colgate W. Darden, Jr., Governor of Virginia, 1946-1947
Alvin Duke Chandler, Twenty-first President of William & Mary, 1962-1974
Warren E. Burger, Fifteenth Chief Justice of The United States, 1986-1993
The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1993-2000
Henry A. Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, 2000-2005
Sandra Day O’Connor, Associate Justice of The United States Supreme Court, 2005-2012
Robert M. Gates, United States Secretary of Defense, 2012-

Honorary Fellows of the University

His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales, 1981
Her Royal Highness, Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, 1989

Board of Visitors

As of July 1, 2018

The Board of Visitors is the governing authority of William & Mary. The Board has the powers and duties conferred upon it by the Royal Charter, the Code of Virginia, and the Management Agreement with the Commonwealth of Virginia. It strives to preserve the ideals and traditions of the institutions under its jurisdiction, including the student-administered Honor System. The Board appoints the President of William & Mary; and it appoints academic officers, faculties, and other executive employees essential to the effective operation of all the institutions under its control. The Board consists of seventeen members appointed by and accountable to the Governor of Virginia and confirmed by the General Assembly.  The seventeen members of the Board serve for terms of four years each. Annually the Rector appoints the President of the Student Assembly of William & Mary and, in consultation with the Committee on Academic Affairs, appoints a full-time faculty member from among the former presidents of the William & Mary Faculty Assembly to the position of non-voting, advisory representative on the Board of Visitors. Annually the Rector appoints a William & Mary Staff Liaison to serve as a non-voting liaison to bring a staff perspective to the Board.  In selecting the Staff Liaison, the Rector shall alternate each year between the professional and operational/classified staffs.  The Board approves the Mission Statement and Goals of the university.

Board of Visitors Officers
John E. Littel Rector
William H. Payne II ‘01 Vice Rector
Sue H. Gerdelman ‘76 Secretary
Board of Visitors Members
Term expires June 30, 2019
Thomas R. Frantz ‘70, J.D. ‘73, M.L.T. ‘81  Virginia Beach, VA
James A. Hixon, J.D. ‘79, M.L.T. ‘80  Virginia Beach, VA
Karen Kennedy Schultz ‘75  Winchester, VA
Todd A. Stottlemyer ‘85  Oakton, VA
Term expires June 30, 2020
Warren W. Buck III, M.S. ‘70, Ph.D. ‘76, D.Sc. ‘13 Williamsburg, VA
S. Douglas Bunch ‘02, J.D. ‘06 Washington, DC
Anne Leigh Kerr ‘91, J.D. ‘98 Richmond, VA
John E. Littel Virginia Beach, VA
Brian P. Woolfolk, J.D. ‘96 Fort Washington, MD
Term Expires June 30, 2021
Mirza Baig Great Falls, VA
Barbara L. Johnson, J.D. ‘84 Alexandria, VA
J.E. Lincoln Saunders ‘06 Richmond, VA
H. Thomas Watkins III ‘74 Naples, FL
Term expires June 30, 2022 
Victor K. Branch ‘84 South Chesterfield , VA
Sue H. Gerdelman ‘76   Williamsburg, VA
William H. Payne II ‘01  Richmond, VA
Lisa E. Roday   Henrico, VA
2018-2019 Student Representatives
Brendan J. Boylan William & Mary
Kayla M. Hand Richard Bland College
2018-2019 Faculty Representatives
Catherine A. Forestell William & Mary
Matthew J. Smith Richard Bland College
2018-2019 Staff Liaison
Jennifer C. Fox William & Mary

Committees of the Board of Visitors

Executive Committee

Richard Bland College Committee

Committee on Academic Affairs

Committee on Administration, Buildings and Grounds

Committee on Athletics

Committee on Audit and Compliance

Committee on Financial Affairs

Committee on Strategic Initiatives and New Ventures

Committee on Student Affairs

Committee on University Advancement

Directory of Administrative Offices

Office of the President

Katherine A. Rowe, President

Michael J. Fox, Chief of Staff and Secretary to the Board of Visitors

Cynthia A. Brauer, Executive Assistant to the President

Sandra J. Wilms, Executive Liaison to the Board of Visitors

W. Fanchon Glover, Chief Diversity Officer

Susan Kern, Executive Director of the Historic Campus

Jeremy P. Martin, Associate Provost and Assistant to the President 

Steve W. Tewksbury, Executive Director of University Events

Office of the Provost

Michael R. Halleran, Provost

Christin E. Fiedler, Executive Assistant to the Provost

Ann Marie Stock, Vice Provost for Academic and Faculty Affairs

Dennis M. Manos, Vice Provost for Research and Graduate/Professional Studies

Stephen E. Hanson, Vice Provost for International Affairs and Director of the Reves Center

Timothy A. Wolfe,  Associate Provost for Enrollment and Dean of Admission

Susan L. Bosworth, Associate Provost for Institutional Accreditation and Effectiveness

Courtney M. Carpenter, Associate Provost for Information Technology and Chief Information Officer

Sara L. Marchello, Associate Provost and University Registrar

Jeremy P. Martin, Associate Provost and Assistant to the President

Aaron H. De Groft, Director, Muscarelle Museum of Art

Adam D. Anthony, Executive Director of the Washington Center

Adam Barger, Acting Director for University eLearning

Faculty of Arts & Sciences

Kate Conley, Dean of Faculty

Darlene Campbell, Director of Administration and Finance for Arts & Sciences

Janice Zeman, Dean of Undergraduate Studies

Virginia J. Torczon, Dean of Graduate Studies and Research

Teresa V. Longo, Dean of Honors and Interdisciplinary Studies

John F. Donahue, Dean for Educational Policy

Mason School of Business

Lawrence B. Pulley, Dean

Kurt A. Carlson, Associate Dean of Faculty

Ken White, Associate Dean for MBA and Executive Programs

School of Education

Spencer G. Niles, Dean

Leslie W. Grant, Associate Dean for Academic Programs

C. Denise Johnson, Associate Dean for Teacher Education and Community Engagement

William & Mary Law School

Davison M. Douglas, Dean

Patricia E. Roberts, Vice Dean

Dan Scianandre, Associate Dean, Administration and Finance

Faye F. Shealy, Associate Dean, Admission

Michael J. Ende, Associate Dean, Career Services

Laura W. Beach, Associate Dean, Development and Alumni Affairs

Adam M. Gershowitz, Associate Dean for Research  and Faculty Development

Laura BrooksAssociate Dean, Student Services

School of Marine Science

John T. Wells, Dean

DaNika Robinson, Chief Financial and Administrative Officer

Linda C. Schaffner, Associate Dean, Academic Studies

Mark W. Luckenbach, Director, Research and Advisory Services

Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

Karin Wulf, Director

Joshua Piker, Editor, William and Mary Quarterly

Reves Center for International Studies

Stephen E. Hanson, Vice Provost for International Affairs and Director of the Reves Center

Sylvia M. Mitterndorfer, Director of Global Education

Stephen J. Sechrist, Director of International Students, Scholars and Programs

William & Mary Libraries

Carrie L. Cooper, Dean of University Libraries

Lisa Nickel, Associate Dean of Research and Public Services

Kim Sims, University Archivist

Muscarelle Museum of Art

Aaron H. DeGroft, Director

Vacant, Senior Associate Director

Office of Admission

Timothy A. Wolfe, Associate Provost for Enrollment and Dean of Admission

Elizabeth R. Dolan​, Associate Dean of Admission

Tish R. Lyte, Associate Dean of Admission

Randy Tripp, Jr.Associate Dean of Admission

David E. Trott​, Associate Dean of Admission

Office of Compliance & Equity

Pamela Mason, Interim Chief Compliance Officer, Title IX Coordinator

Carla Costello, Interim ADA/504 Coordinator

Office of Equal Opportunity

W. Fanchon Glover, Chief Diversity Officer

Dania MatosDeputy Chief Diversity Officer

Office of Finance and Administration

Samuel E. Jones, Senior Vice President for Finance and Administration 

Amy Sebring, Vice President for Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Jacob P. Long, Director of the Budget

John M. Poma, Chief Human Resources Officer

Melanie O’Dell, Director of Financial Operations

Erma Baker, Director, Procurement Services and Fixed Assets Management

William D. Copan, Assistant Vice President for Investment Administration

F. Brian Hiestand, Chief Investment Officer for the Endowment Association

Deborah Cheesebro, Chief of Police

Martha T. Sheets, Senior Planner

Office of Financial Aid

Joe Dobrota, Director

Office of Intercollegiate Athletics

Samantha K. Huge, Director

Steven L. Cole, Associate Director

Peel Hawthorne, Associate Athletics Director for Student Services and Senior Woman Administrator

Office of Internal Audit

Kent Erdahl,  University Auditor

Office of Strategic Initiatives & Public Affairs

Henry R. Broaddus, Vice President for Strategic Initiatives & Public Affairs

Brian Whitson, Senior Associate Vice President for Communications and Chief Communications Officer

Colin Smolinsky, Director of Government Relations

Calandra Waters Lake, Director of Sustainability

Julie Summs, Director of Economic Development

Lillian H. Stevens, Senior Operations Manager and University FOIA Officer

Office of Student Affairs

Virginia M. Ambler, Vice President for Student Affairs  

Marjorie S. Thomas, Dean of Students

Anna Mroch​, Director of Student Affairs Planning and Assessment

Gregory M. Henderson, Assistant to the Vice President for Student Affairs and Chief of Staff

Maggie Evans, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs (Campus Living) and Director of Residence Life

Kathleen Powell, Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs and Executive Director of Career Development

Andrew D. Stelljes, Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs (Student Engagement and Leadership) and Director of Community Engagement

R. Kelly Crace, Associate Vice President for Health and Wellness and Director of Health Promotion

Kimberly L. Weatherly, Assistant Dean and Director, Center for Student Diversity

Carina Sudarsky-Gleiser, Director, Counseling Center

Vacant, Director, Student Health

Anne H. Arseneau, Director of Leadership Development

Robert C. Knowlton, Director of Sadler Center and Campus Center

Linda A. Knight, Director of Campus Recreation

Office of the University Counsel

Deborah A. Love, University Counsel

Office of University Advancement

Matthew T. Lambert, Vice President for University Advancement

Earl T. Granger, III, Associate Vice President for Development

Office of University Ombudsperson

Mark H. Patterson, University Ombudsperson

Office of the Associate Provost and University Registrar

Sara L. Marchello,  Associate Provost and University Registrar

Kimberly A. Momballou, Deputy University Registrar

Society of the Alumni

Marilyn W. Midyette, Executive Director, Alumni Association and Associate Vice President of Alumni Engagement