Sep 21, 2021  
2013 - 2014 Undergraduate Catalog 
2013 - 2014 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]


Academic Advising

Academic advising is recognized at the College as important to the educational development of its students and as both a natural extension of teaching and an important professional obligation on the part of its faculty. Sound academic advice can make the crucial difference between a coherent and exciting education that satisfies personal and professional goals and one that is fragmented and frustrating. It helps the student address not simply course selection and scheduling but also what a liberally educated person should be and know. Because students are responsible themselves for meeting academic goals and requirements, they are urged to take full advantage of the help and information the advisor can offer. Students should take the initiative in making appointments with the faculty advisor for academic and other counsel. New Students are assigned an academic advisor by the Office of Academic Advising. Students are required to meet with their advisors to discuss academic, personal and professional goals; to review the academic regulations and requirements of the College; and to receive help in planning a specific program of study. Freshmen have three required advising meetings during the first year and must attend these meetings in order to register for the next semester. Although students may change their advisor at any time by requesting a change in the Office of Academic Advising, most students retain the same advisor during the sophomore year. After students declare their major, they are assigned an advisor by the department, program or school in which they are completing a major. Students declaring two majors are assigned an advisor in both majors. For details on when students can or must declare a major, see the Catalog section, “Majors & Minors ”.

The Earl Gregg Swem Library

(757) 221-INFO

Carrie Cooper, Dean of University Libraries
Web site:

Mission and Services

The Earl Gregg Swem Library actively participates in the teaching and research missions of The College of William and Mary by providing services, collections, staff, and facilities that enrich and inform the educational experience and promote a lifelong commitment to learning.

   The library supports and enhances teaching and research and fosters intellectual curiosity, creativity and lifelong learning by helping students, faculty, staff, and visitors find information and learn research skills; selecting and acquiring the best resources for the College’s curricular and research needs; and organizing, preserving, and providing access to these resources efficiently and effectively.

Information Commons

Approximately 120 high-end PCs, each loaded with a large suite of productivity applications and specialized course software, are located on the first floor. Computers in the adjacent Learning Center classroom are available for use when classes are not scheduled. There are numerous open network ports for laptop connections, and each floor is configured for wireless access. Thirty two group rooms are scattered throughout the library for group collaboration and presentation practice. Students, faculty, and staff may borrow wireless laptops, Ethernet cables, and iPods.


Swem Library’s collection includes 1,166,391 cataloged volumes; 1,491,159 microforms; 469,304 government documents; 23,451 maps, extensive bound periodical holdings from the 19th-21st centuries; 4,358 current periodicals and serials; 39,968 multimedia materials; and 14, 832 linear feet of manuscripts and archives. In addition to the main library, Swem Library has separate libraries for chemistry, music, and physics.

The library offers many electronic resources, including an online catalog and access to more than 525 databases and over 104,949 electronic journals. These are available through Swem’s home page For more information, visit the library’s home page.

Reference Services

Reference librarians, available most hours that the library is open, can help identify library resources that are potentially useful for a particular project, explain the use of specific information tools, assist with searching electronic databases, offer group instruction to classes, and provide general advice on using the library. Contact information for the Reference Department can be found on the Swem webpage.

Government Information Services

Swem Library provides access to federal, state, and international documents and is a selective depository for publications issued by the United States and Virginia governments. Access to electronic government information can be found on the Swem webpage. For assistance with government information, contact the library’s reference desk.

Circulation and Reserves Services

The Circulation and Reserves Department helps patrons identify and locate materials in the library; answers questions about library policies, procedures, and equipment; manages patron records; including fines and fees; checks out books, video and audio recordings, laptops, iPods, headphones, internet cables, calculators, etc.; and manages course reserves. All of the library’s materials are available for use within the library, and most items can be borrowed for use outside the building. The W&M ID card serves as the library card for students, staff, and faculty. All patrons have access to their library account by visiting Swem Library’s web page and opening “My Account.” Contact information for the Circulation and Reserves Departments can be found on the Swem webpage.

Interlibrary Loans

If a book, journal article, or other item is not available at W&M, it can usually be borrowed from another library. Current students, faculty, and staff can submit requests for such materials through the library web page. Please allow a minimum of two weeks for an interlibrary loan request to be filled, although most will arrive much sooner. Contact information for the Interlibrary Loan Department can be found on the Swem webpage.

Media Center

Swem Library’s Media Center production and related services are available to W&M students, staff and faculty. These studios are equipped with a wide array of software and hardware for the creation of multimedia-based projects. With a full-time staff, loanable production equipment, and the Media Studios’ array of industrystandard software, the Media Center is capable of supporting a wide range of multimedia projects from pre-production, production, post-production to digital / analog distribution.

Contact the center through its web page.

Special Collections Research Center



The original manuscripts, rare books and periodicals, and other primary source materials In Swem’s Special Collections Research Center are valuable teaching tools and the department is actively engaged with student and faculty research and Instruction across academic disciplines.  Focused on Virginia history, but with nationally significant collections, the Manuscript Collections include letters, diaries, journals, scrapbooks, business records, organizational records, photographs, artifacts and other items that provide evidence of everything from political events and social movements to the day-to-day experiences of people of all walks of life.   The Rare Books Collection includes volumes dating from the 1400s to today and focuses on Virginiana, gardening and natural history, religion, dogs, book arts, travel, science, and medicine. The University Archives collects and makes available material documenting William & Mary’s rich history, from bursar’s and presidents’ records to freshman beanies, audio and video recordings, and student publications.  For the latest information, please visit the Special Collections web page.


Library Hours

Hours for the library, various departments, and branch libraries are posted at Because these hours might vary, especially during interim periods and holidays, please check the web page or call (757) 221-INFO to confirm hours before you visit.

Swem Departmental Libraries:

In addition to the main library, Swem Library has separate libraries for Chemistry, Music, and Physics.

  • Chemistry Library, 1022 Integrated Science Center, (757) 221-2094
  • Music Library, 250 Ewell Hall, (757) 221-1090
  • Physics Library, 161 Small Hall, (757) 221-3539

Other William and Mary libraries include:


Carrie L. Cooper (2011), Dean of University Libraries, B.S., The Florida State University; M.L.I.S., The University of Southern Mississippi.



Tami C. Back (2012), B.A., Christopher Newport University; M.A., Old Dominion University.


Karen Berquist (2007), Coordinator, Science Libraries, B.A. College of William and Mary; M.A. Old Dominion University.

Stephen D. Clark (1987), Acquisitions Librarian, B.A., University of North Carolina-Charlotte; M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill; M.S., Fort Hayes State University.

Michael Troy Davis (2005), Director, Media Center, B.A. and M.L.I.S, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Kathleen DeLaurenti (2011), Arts Librarian, B.F.A, Carnegie Mellon University; M.L.I.S., University of Washington.

Kay J. Domine (1974), Special Projects Librarian, B.A., University of Michigan; M.A., University of Wisconsin-Madison.



Gerald P. Gaidmore (2013) Director of the Special Collections Research Center, B.A., Plymouth State College; M. A., Old Dominion University, M.L.S., University of South Carolina -Columbia.


Martha E. Higgins (2008), Reference Librarian, B.A. SUNY Albany; M.A. SUNY Albany; MLS University of Maryland.

Karlene Noel Jennings (2005), Senior Director of Development, B.A., Washington and Lee University; M.Ed., Cert., University of South Carolina, Columbia; Ph.D., Iowa State University of Science and Technology.

Patricia M. Kearns (1995), Head of Bibliographic Control, B.S., University of Virginia; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh.

Mack A. Lundy III (1993), Systems Librarian, B.A. and M.L.S., University of South Carolina.

Natasha W.  McFarland (2013), Reference Librarian, B.S., Virginia Union University, M.L.S., University of North Texas-Denton-Toulouse.


Katherine F. McKenzie (1989), Coordinator of Interlibrary Services and Reference Librarian, A.B. and M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

Mary S. Molineux (1999), Reference Librarian, B.A., The College of William and Mary; M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

Catherine A. Reed (2002), Director, Collections and Content Services, B.A., State University of New York–Oswego; M.L.S., Syracuse University. 

Lisa T. Nickel (2013), Associate Dean of Research & Public Services, B.A., Rutgers University; M. A.L.I.S., University of South Florida.


Susan A. Riggs (1993), Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, B.A., University of Richmond; M.A., The College of William and Mary.

Ute Schechter (2001), Burger Archivist, Magister, University of Cologne (Germany).

Amy C. Schindler (2007), University Archivist, B.A., University of Wisconsin-Madison, M.A., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, M.L.I.S., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Paul H. Showalter (2005), Reference Librarian and Library Instruction Coordinator, B.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; M.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

Jean Sibley (2009), Serials Librarian, B. A., Douglass College/Rutgers University; M.S., University of Florida; M.L.I.S, Florida State University.

Debra R. Weiss (2004), Director of Technology, B.S., Indiana University of Pennsylvania; M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

Donald J. Welsh (1989), Head, Reference Services, B.A., University of South Carolina; M.S.L.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill; M.L.A., Boston University.


Alan F. Zoellner (1984), Reference and Government Librarian, B.A., Carthage College; M.A., M.L.S. and Ph.D. Indiana University.

Office of Student Affairs

  Virginia M. Ambler Vice President for Student Affairs
  Patricia M. Volp Dean of Students
  Deborah Boykin Associate Vice President (Campus Living) and Director of Residence Life
  Mark Constantine Executive Director of Student Activities and Unions
  Vernon J. Hurte Senior Associate Dean of Students
Director of Center for Student Diversity and Assistant to the Vice President for Student Affairs and Diversity
  Andrew D. Stelljes Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs (Student Engagement and Leadership) and Director of Community Engagement

Student Health Center

Dr. Virginia D. Wells, Director
(757) 221-4386

Fall/Spring Hours:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.;
Wednesday 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. and
Saturday 9:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. (limited service only)

Fall, Spring, Winter Break and Summer Hours:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 7:45 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Wednesday 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. No weekend hours

Mailing address:

The College of William and Mary
Student Health Center
P.O. Box 8795-8795
Williamsburg, VA 23187



The Student Health Center provides high-quality, primary medical care for full-time students. The Health Center delivers a wide variety of services, many of which are covered by the Student Health Fee included in the Tuition and General Fee. There is fee for office visits, as well as a fee for certain services, labs, pharmacy and medical supplies. A list of fees can be found on our website. All matters between a student and the Health Center staff are confidential and except in the case of life threatening situations, medical emergencies, severe emotional or psychological distress, or when required and/or permitted by law, information will not be released without the student’s written consent.

Virginia state law requires all full-time students who are enrolling for the first time in a four-year public institution to provide a health history and an official immunization record. The College further requires all full-time students (including previously matriculated students) as well as any other student eligible for services as determined by their department (i.e. Language House tutors, PTUG/Flex Track students with full time hours, students with an approved underload, transfer students, or Psy. D. students) to provide documentation of the same immunization requirements AND a physician documented medical history performed within the twelve months preceding his/her enrollment. This form will not be accepted if the physician completing and signing the form is a family member. Previously enrolled students who are reentering as full-time students after an absence of less than 3 years must update their Immunizations to meet current requirements. Additionally, enrolled students who are reentering as full-time students after an absence from campus of greater than 3 years must submit a new history, physical, tuberculosis screening and must update immunizations to meet the current requirements. If the absence is greater than 10 years, then the entire form needs to be resubmitted. This information MUST be submitted on William and Mary’s Health Evaluation Form which is available at In order to be eligible for medical care, graduate and undergraduate students must have paid a Health Fee for the current semester and met the Health Evaluation Form requirements including a physician documented medical history and submission of an official immunization record. Failure to comply with this requirement will result in the following actions: prevention from registering for classes; ineligibility for non-urgent medical care at the Student Health Center; and may also result in eviction from the residence halls and/or removal from campus (depending on the medical issue); and will include referral for judicial action for violation of the Student Code of Conduct.

The College requires all full-time undergraduate and graduate students admitted Fall 2006 or after and all F-1 and J-1 international students to have health insurance coverage throughout the school year as a condition of enrollment. These students will be enrolled in the college-endorsed Student Health Insurance Plan and the cost will be billed to their student account in two installments (fall and spring semester) UNLESS proof of other adequate health insurance coverage is furnished. Students who already have health insurance for the entire academic year must submit a waiver request by the posted deadline each academic year and the waiver request must be approved to avoid being enrolled in the Student Health Insurance Plan. All other full-time undergraduate and graduate students admitted prior to fall 2006 are not required by the College to have health insurance coverage but are eligible to enroll in the college-endorsed Student Health Insurance Plan on a voluntary basis. It is the student’s responsibility to verify whether or not the charge has been billed to your student account. If there is a billing error, you should contact the Student Insurance Coordinator immediately. To access the waiver or enrollment request forms and for more information about the insurance requirement or the college-endorsed insurance plan, please visit

The Office of the Dean of Students

Marjorie S. Thomas, Dean of Students
Campus Center 109
(757) 221-251

The Office of the Dean of Students assists students in fulfilling the academic requirements of the College. The Committee on Academic Status, a faculty committee coordinated by the Dean, monitors students’ progress towards their degree and makes decisions on academic overloads and under-loads. The Office offers workshops and appointments for developing time management and study skills. It also coordinates New Student Orientation, Transfers Student Support Services, Disability Services, Student Conduct and Health Education.

Counseling Center

Dr. Warrenetta C. Mann, Director
Blow Memorial Hall, Suite 240, 221-3620

The Counseling Center offers a range of brief services for William and Mary students in order to address psychological issues, personal concerns, interpersonal issues, and crisis intervention. Staff members are available to discuss any important personal concerns a student may be facing and work with that student to provide resources to address those concerns.

The staff of the Counseling Center is a diverse group of mental health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, and social workers. A sport psychologist is available for students interested in learning how to enhance their athletic or academic performance. Psychiatric consultation is available through referral to the Student Health Center. All staff are trained and experienced in dealing with the problems of university students.

Appointments may be made by calling the Counseling Center at 221-3620 or by coming to the office in person. Office hours are 8 a.m.-noon and 1p.m. - 5p.m., Monday through Friday. Emergency services during the fall and spring semesters are also available after hours and on weekends by calling the Campus Police at 221-4596 and asking to speak with the Counseling Center ‘on-call’ counselor.

The Cohen Career Center

180 Stadium Drive
Mary Schilling, Director
(757) 221-3231

 As partners in the educational process, the Cohen Career Center provides students and alumni with comprehensive programs, services and resources that build competence, confidence and the ability to manage lifelong career development. Services include: one-on-one career advising appointments, career education programming, access to local internships, interview preparation, and job recruitment opportunities. The Career Center serves undergraduate students of all majors, as well as graduate students in the arts and sciences, Master of Accounting students, and graduate students at VIMS and in the School of Education. Visit us online at


The Center for Student Diversity

Vernon J. Hurte, Ph.D., Director
Campus Center 159
(757) 221-2300

The Center for Student Diversity strives to foster inclusion, collaboration, and relationship-building within our campus community. The Center provides academic, social, and transition support for underserved and underrepresented students and promotes exchange and dialogue between individuals of diverse backgrounds and identities. We also serve as an information center, providing training and resources to the campus and local Williamsburg community regarding multicultural and diversity topics.

Disability Services

Lisa Colligan, Director of Disability Services and Assistant Dean of Students
Campus Center 109  (757) 221-2510

Web Site:

Disability Services strives to create a comprehensively accessible living and learning environment to ensure that students with disabilities are viewed on the basis of ability by considering reasonable accommodation on an individual and flexible basis in accordance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The decision to request accommodation is voluntary and a matter of individual choice. Students seeking accommodation are strongly encouraged to contact Disability Services and submit all supporting documentation early to allow adequate time for planning.

Documentation of Disability
Documentation serves two primary purposes. First, it establishes that the individual has a disability, and therefore is protected from discrimination. Second, documentation must describe the current functional impact of the disability so that potential accommodations can be identified.
All documentation of disability should consist of an evaluation by an appropriate professional that is not older than three years from the date of the first accommodation request. Included must be a clear statement of the diagnosis, the basis for the diagnosis, and the current impact of the disability as it relates to the accommodation request. As appropriate to the disability, the documentation should also include the following elements:

  • A diagnostic statement identifying the disability, date of the most current diagnostic evaluation, and the date of the original diagnosis.
  • A description of the diagnostic tests, methods, and/or criteria used including specific test results and standardized test scores, as well as the examiner’s narrative interpretation.
  • A description of the current functional impact of the disability. This may be in the form of an examiner’s narrative, and/or an interview, but must have a rational relationship to diagnostic assessments. For learning disabilities, current documentation is defined using adult norms.
  • A statement indicating treatments, medications, or assistive devices/services currently prescribed or in use, with a description of the mediating effects and potential side effects from such treatments.
  • A description of the expected progression or stability of the impact of the disability over time, particularly the next five years.
  • A history of previous accommodations and their impact.
  • The credentials of the diagnosing professional(s), if not clear from the letterhead or other forms. Please note that diagnosing professionals cannot be family members or others with a close personal relationship with the individual being evaluated.

Documentation of cognitive impairment such as Specific Learning Disability, Attention Deficit Disorder, or physical, medical, and psychological disorders affecting learning must include a comprehensive report of psycho-educational or neuropsychological evaluation meeting specified documentation criteria. (Please see for a list of criteria.) IEP or 504 plans will not be considered sufficient documentation unless also accompanied by a current and complete comprehensive report.

Documentation prepared for specific non-educational venues such as the Social Security Administration or the Department of Veteran’s Affairs may not meet these criteria. Records from school divisions concerning students exiting from special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) will be given due consideration in determining the presence of a qualifying disability and making accommodation decisions. All documentation of disability is considered confidential and will not be released without a student’s prior written consent.

Beyond the more objective determination of a disability and its impact provided by external documentation, the College recognizes that input from the individual with a disability is also a rich and important source of information on the impact of disability and on the effectiveness of accommodations. Accommodation decisions are made on a case by case basis, considering the impact of a particular student’s disability within the specific context of a college-level academic environment.

Reves Center for International Studies

Stephen E. Hanson, Vice Provost for International Affairs
200 South Boundary Street
(757) 221 - 3590

The Reves Center for International Studies is the home of the office of the Vice Provost for International Affairs, the Office of International Students, Scholars, and Programs, and the Global Education Office at William & Mary.  Our mission is to support and promote the internationalization of learning, teaching, research, and community involvement at W&M, and we do this through programs for international students and scholars, education abroad, and global engagement across the university. 

Office of International Students, Scholars, and Programs (ISSP)

Stephen J. Sechrist, Director
200 South Boundary Street
(757) 221 - 3594

Located on the second floor of the Reves Center, ISSP coordinates with other campus offices to support the needs of international students, scholars, faculty, and their families.  

For international students and scholars, we provide immigration advising services; issue I-20s and DS-2019s for F-1 and J-1 student visa sponsorship; assist with government agencies (e.g. Social Security Administration, Department of Motor Vehicles); organize programs, trips, and events to help students transition to life at W&M and experience the United States as fully as possible, and advocate the concerns of international students with offices on and off campus.

In addition to specialized services, programs, and advocacy for international students and scholars, ISSP coordinates the Reves Hall living learning community.  Located adjacent to the Reves Center, Reves Hall is a diverse community of US and international students from all different majors, united by a passion for global affairs.  Through the year the residents have opportunities to organize and particiapte in internationally-themed programs and lectures.  During the Fall semester, students enroll in a one-credit hour course on global affairs.  A highlight of the Spring semester is the annual Policymaker Trip to Washington, D.C., an opportunity for residents to see international affairs at work.

Walk in hours are weekdays, 11 a.m.-5 p.m., throughout the year.
Tel. 757-221-3594; Fax 757-221-3597;;

Global Education Office (GEO)

Sylvia Mitterndorfer, Director
200 South Boundary Street
(757) 221 - 3594

William and Mary has long recognized its responsibility to provide a global perspective to its curriculum so students gain the international understanding necessary to be informed citizens. The College encourages students to view study abroad as an educational objective. When planned in advance and integrated into a student’s on-campus academic plan, study abroad can be integral to the liberal arts education, providing cultural enrichment, personal development and intellectual challenge.

Located on the second floor of the Reves Center, the GEO facilitates the university’s study abroad programs including undergraduate academic year/semester exchange and assisted enrollment study abroad programs, as well as the W&M faculty-led summer study abroad programs.  We administer more than 35 W&M sponsored study abroad programs in more than 20 countries, and assist students with every stage of the study abroad process.  In addition, through GEO, students have the opportunity to enroll in over 100 non-W&M study abroad programs.  By graduation, more than 40% of W&M students participate in a study abroad program.  Thanks to the generosity of private donors, GEO also awards many need- and merit-based scholarships each year.  For more information on credits earned through study abroad, see the catalog section, “Transfer Credit for Enrolled Students.”

William & Mary currently has tuition exchange agreements with the University of Adelaide (Australia), McGill University (Canada), the universities of Exeter and Nottingham and the Manchester Business School (England), Cardiff University (Wales), Institut d’Études Politiques de Lilles (France), Akita Intenrationak, Kanazawa, Keio universities (Japan), Yonsei University (South Korea), Leiden University (The Netherlands), St Andrews University (Scotland), Vienna University of Economics & Business (Austria) and the National University of Singapore. Assisted enrollment agreements are offered in Universidad Nacional La Plata (Argentina), Oxford University (England), Monpellier (France), and Seville (Spain).

Summer study abroad programs are sponsored by the College in Athens and Nafplio, Greece; Beijing, China; Cádiz, Spain; Cape Town, South Africa; Cambridge, England; Galway, Ireland; Goa, India; Holetown, Barbados; Florence, Italy; Montpellier, France; Morelia, Mexico; Prague, Czech Republic; Siracusa, Italy; Potsdam, Germany; Rome & Pompeii, Italy; and St. Petersburg, Russia.

In addition, GEO administers the Keio University, William & Mary Cross Cultural Collaboration program, which allows for Japanese and American students to study questions of cultural difference and national identity in Williamsburg durign the summer.  

Walk-in hours are weekdays, 11 a.m. - 5 p.m. throughout the year.
Tel. (757) 221-3594; Fax (757) 221-3597,